There is currently no cure for arthritis – inflammation and stiffness of the joints – but it’s possible to ease the symptoms of this painful and often debilitating condition.
The most prevalent form of arthritis among older people is osteoarthritis (OA), typically the result of wear and tear on our joints. Also known as mechanical or degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis is caused by damage to cartilage – the connective tissue between the bones of your joints. As cartilage deteriorates, these bones can start to can rub together. Injuries like a fracture can also lead to osteoarthritis.
Another common form of the condition is rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which usually develops from the age of 40 or 50 when your immune system targets specific joints, causing pain and swelling and possibly the breakdown of cartilage and bone.
Many common treatments for arthritis are based on keeping muscles strong and joints moving. Versus Arthritis – formed in 2018 with the merger of Arthritis Research UK and Arthritis Care – points out: “Generally, the stronger the muscles that support a joint, the less pain you’ll have.”
Common treatments include:
- Lifestyle changes.
- Natural remedies.
- Supportive therapy.
- Alternative medicine.
In rare cases, surgery may be considered to repair or replace damaged joints.
Medications to Ease Arthritis
If over-the-counter medications like paracetamol fail to effectively control pain from arthritis, your doctor may prescribe a stronger analgesic such as an NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug) to reduce inflammation and swelling. Opioids like codeine or tramadol can be prescribed in cases of severe pain.
Steroid injections directly into the affected area provide a further option when other treatments have failed. Steroid medication contains a synthetic version of the inflammation-reducing hormone cortisol.
A newer type of treatment to combat arthritis is provided by platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections, which use healing platelets taken from the patient’s own blood.
Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and weight control can play a big part in combating the condition. You might think that putting painful, stiff joints through their paces will make them worse, but regular, low-impact exercise such as swimming can help relieve symptoms of arthritis by:
- Keeping you active.
- Building up muscle.
- Strengthening joints.
- Improving posture.
- Relieving stress.
- Helping you to lose weight.
Health professionals recommend arthritis patients to put their joints through a full range of motion at least once a day to help ease stiffness, but caution that exercise should be alternated with rest.
Being overweight can aggravate the symptoms too, because it puts excessive strain on joints, particularly your knees, feet and hips. Alongside getting more exercise, a healthy diet is key to weight control, and can:
- Improve your mobility.
- Reduce pain.
- Avoid further damage to joints.
Versus Arthritis recommends a balanced, low-fat diet with plenty of fibre, fruit and vegetables, and cutting down on meat, while the Healthline information platform has compiled a comprehensive list of evidence-based tips on weight loss.
Studies suggest that some foods are especially beneficial if you have osteoarthritis. These include:
- Citrus fruits.
- Tuna, salmon and mackerel.
- Low-fat dairy products.
Your GP can help you draw up an exercise programme and advise you on how to lose weight safely.
Natural Home Therapies
Many people reinforce their medical treatment for arthritis with home remedies and natural therapies. These include:
- Hot and cold compresses. Making a compress can be as simple as using a warm or cold towel.
- Epsom salts bath. Magnesium in Epsom salts can reduce pain and inflammation.
- Capsaicin cream applied to painful joints three times a day.
- Green tea, which contains polyphenol compounds that may help lessen inflammation. Be aware, though, that health professionals advise that green tea should be taken in moderation.
- Turmeric, which contains curcumin, part of the ginger family that can reduce inflammation, pain and stiffness.
Supportive therapy to ease pain from arthritis includes:
- TENS – Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation – Which controls pain by transmitting electrical impulses to numb nerve endings in the spinal cord.
- Physiotherapy – Stretching techniques to help keep your joints flexible.
Complementary Alternative Treatments
Complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) and treatments can be used in conjunction with mainstream arthritis therapy. These include:
Treatment for arthritis can combine conventional therapy with alternative medicine and treatments, lifestyle changes, home remedies and supportive therapy.
While lifestyle changes and natural therapies may help you to manage the condition without the potential side effects associated with some medications, bear in mind that they aren’t a substitute for medical treatment – although they may offer added relief. Discuss home remedies and lifestyle changes with your doctor before trying them.
Coping with Arthritis
Painful conditions such as arthritis can have a significant impact on your quality of life, making everyday tasks a challenge. Nevertheless, the many treatments available can go a long way towards restoring the balance of your life and helping to keep you active.
Common treatments for arthritis – medication, lifestyle changes, natural remedies, supportive therapy and complementary alternative medicine – can all play a major role in helping you to get your life back on track.
You can learn more about the condition in our in-depth guide.
Personal Alarm Information
The personal alarm system is highly-recommended to those who suffer from medical conditions such as arthritis. If you have pain in your knee and suffer from a fall, you simply press a little help button and our Care Team responds.
For further information on our personal alarm service, please speak to one of our friendly advisers on 0800 999 0400. Alternatively, complete our contact us form and we will get back to you as soon as possible.
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